Intentional and Unintentional Sins, the Day of Atonement, and the Death of Christ - Leviticus 16
The Law of God distinguishes between intentional and unintentional errors or sins (see Numbers 15:22-29). In our study of Leviticus 16:16, we learn that on the Day of Atonement all the priests and people can be forgiven and cleansed from "all their sins" or "whatever their sins" after appropriate sacrifices have been made by the High Priest (see various translations). It seems intentional sins can only be forgiven after the Day of Atonement sacrifices; whereas, unintentional sins can be forgiven throughout the year after appropriate sacrifices are made by the priests and people.
You might ask your class to discuss intentional and unintentional errors or sins. How do people feel if someone commits an error or sins against them unintentionally? How do people feel if someone commits an error or sins against them intentionally? How does the Law of God show the great difference between unintentional and intentional sins, since sacrifices need to be offered for both types? What do you expect from someone who sins against you unintentionally? What do you expect from someone who sins against you intentionally? What do you expect of yourself in both cases?
What do you think about God and Jesus, when, after people had sinned against them intentionally and unintentionally and before people had repented, Jesus Christ died on the cross for all sinners so God could mercifully and justly forgive all who trust in Jesus as Lord and Savior?
For the love of His Word,
L.G. Parkhurst, Jr.